GET > Pages profils > Salvi Stefano

Profil de Stefano Salvi

... stalked by local mosquito (Labrador)

Email :

Téléphone / phone: +33 561 33 2583

Bureau / office : PAE H115

Institution : CNRS

Statut / status: Chercheur

Adresse professionnelle / address:

Géosciences Environnement Toulouse (GET)
University of Toulouse
14, avenue Edouard Belin
31400 Toulouse

Site perso / personal website :
My page at Research Gate

Professional Experience

since 1999

  • Permanent CNRS research scientist: GET, Toulouse.

1997 - 1999 

  • Marie-Curie post-doctoral fellow: Mineralogy and Geochemistry lab, LMTG, Toulouse

1995 - 1997 

  • NSERC post-doctoral  fellow: Geochemistry lab, LMTG, Toulouse



  • Dottorato di Ricerca - University of Siena, Italy


  • Doctorate of Philosophy (Ph.D.) - Earth and Planetary Sciences, McGill University, Montreal, Canada


  • Master of Science (M.Sc.) - Department of Geological Sciences, McGill University, Montreal, Canada 


  • Batchelor of Science (B.Sc.) - Department of Geology, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada

Awards and Fellowships

1995 - First prize for Ph.D. thesis in Canada. Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum (cf. CIM Bulletin, 1996)

1992 - FCAR excellency award (Canada)

1990 - Nominated for the Prize of Excellency, Faculty of Sciences, McGill University

1988 - Leroy bursary Department of Geological Sciences, McGill University

1987 - First prize for Bachelor thesis in Canada. Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum (cf. CIM Bulletin, 1988, v. 81, No. 917, p. 28-29)

Main Research Interests

Hydrothermal Ore Deposits, Rare Metals, Fluid Inclusions, Peralkaline Rocks, Geochemistry.

  • My research is devoted mainly to understanding the formation of hydrothermal ore deposits. In particular, I have investigated rare-metal bearing alkaline rocks, orogenic gold deposits, pegmatites, porphyry deposits, and gems. I have worked mostly on sites in North America, West Africa, Morocco, and Madagascar.
  • For the past three years I have been part of the West African Exploration Initiative (WAXI), a research and training program financed by the international mining industry under the coordination by Amira International. The project focuses on the mineral potential of the West African craton, with a particular emphasis on gold mineralization in greenstone belts. 
  • Director of Ore Deposits Team.
  • Head of Microthermometry Lab.

Main/Recent publications

Refereed Articles

  • Munoz, M., Baron, S., Boucher, A., Beziat, D., Salvi, S. (2015) Mesozoic vein-type Pb–Zn mineralization in the Pyrenees: Lead isotopic and fluid inclusion evidence from the Les Argentieres and Lacore deposits. C. R. Geoscience, http:// 
  • Baratoux, L., Metelka, V., Siebenaller, L., Naba, S., Naré, A., Ouiya, P., Jessell, M.W., Béziat, D., Salvi, S., Franceschi, G., 2015. Tectonic evolution of the Gaoua region: implications for the mineralization. Journal of African Earth Sciences, WAXI special volume, in press. (10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2015.10.004). 
  • Amponsah, P.O., Salvi, S., Beziat, D., Jessell, M.W., Siebenaller, L., Baratoux, L., (in press). Geology and geochemistry of the shear-hosted Julie deposit, NW Ghana. J. Afr. Earth Sci., 013).
  • Perrouty S., Jessell M.W., Miller, J. Bourassa Y., Apau, D., Siebenaller, L., Baratoux, L., Velásquez, G., Aillères, L., Béziat D., Salvi S. (in press) The tectonic context of the Eoeburnean Wassa gold mine - Implications for relative timing of mineralising events in southwest Ghana J. Afr. Earth Sci.
  • Estrade G., Salvi S., Béziat D., Willams-Jones, A.E. (2015) Rare-metal mineralization in a peralkaline granite related skarn, Ambohimirahavavy alkaline complex, Madagascar, Economic Geology, v. 110, pp. 1485–1513. 
  • Sangaré A., Driouch, Y., Salvi S., Féménias O., Siebenaller L., Belkasmi M., Béziat D., Dahire M., Ntarmouchant A., Adil S., Debat P. (2014) Environnement géologique des minéralisations aurifères du gisement tardi-éburnéen de Kalana (Birimien, Sud-Ouest du Mali). Bulletin de l’Institut Scientifique, Section Sciences de la Terre, 36 (page # to be assigned, in press).
  • Lagraa, K., Béziat, D. Debat, P., Salvi S., Kolli, O. (2014) Le pluton Paleoproterozoique de la structure circulaire de Bled m’Dena (Eglab,  SW Algérien) : Pétrographie et géochimie. Bulletin du Service Géologique National - Algérie, v. 25 n° 2, p. 127-131.
  • Estrade G., Béziat D., Salvi S., Tiepolo, M., Paquette, J-L., Rakotovao, S. (2014) Unusual evolution of silica-under- and -oversaturated alkaline rocks in the Cenozoic Ambohimirahavavy Complex (Madagascar): Mineralogical and geochemical evidence. Lithos v. 206-207, p. 361-383. 
  • Velásquez G., Béziat, D., Salvi S., Siebenaller, L., Borisova A.Y., Pokrovski G.S., de Parseval, P. (2014) Formation and Deformation of Pyrite and Implications for Gold Mineralization in the El Callao District, Venezuela Economic Geology, 109, 457-486.
  • Borisova, A.Y., Toutain, J-P., Dubessy, J., Pallister, J., and Salvi, S. (2014) CO2-SO2 fluid triggering the 1991 mount Pinatubo climactic eruption. Bulletin of Volcanology, v. 76, 2, p. 1-9.
  • Velásquez G., Béziat, D., Salvi S., Siebenaller, L., Borisova A.Y., Pokrovski G.S., de Parseval, P. (2014) Formation and Deformation of Pyrite and Implications for Gold Mineralization in the El Callao District, Venezuela Economic Geology, 109, 457-486.
  • Andrianjakavah, P., Jessell, M., Salvi, S., Beziat, D., Rakotondrazafy. (2014) The Ianapera-Ampanihy Suture, SW Madagascar: a major tectonic boundary on the eastern margin of the Mozambique belt. Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 94 p. 31-44.
  • Rasoamalala, V.Salvi, S., Béziat, D., Ursule, J.P., Cuney, M., de Parseval, Ph., Moine, B., Guillaume, D. (2014) Geological setting of the bastnaesite and monazite deposits in the Ambatofinandrahana area, central part of Madagascar: an overview. Journal of African Earth Sciences. v. 94 p. 128-140.
  • Estrade G., Salvi S., Béziat D., Rakotovao, S. Rakotondrazafy R. (2014) HFSE mineralization in peralkaline granites of the Ambohimirahavavy alkaline complex, Ampasindava peninsula, Madagascar. Journal of African Earth Sciences. v. 94, p. 141-155.  
  • Potter, J. Salvi, S., Longstaffe, F. (2013). Abiogenic hydrocarbon isotopic signatures in granitic rocks: Identifying pathways of formation. Lithos, 182-183, 114-124.
  • Velásquez G., Borisova A.Y., Salvi S., Béziat, D. (2012). In situ Au and Cu microanalysis in natural pyrite by near-infrared femtosecond laser ablation (fs-LA) inductively coupled plasma quadrupole mass spectrometry (ICP-QMS): Implication for non matrix-dependent behaviour. Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research, v. 36, 3, p. 315-324.
  • Borisova, A.Y., R. Thomas, S. Salvi, F. Candaudap, A. Lanzanova, J. Chmeleff. (2012). Tin and associated metal and metalloid geochemistry by femtosecond LA-ICP-QMS microanalysis of pegmatite– leucogranite melt and fluid inclusions: new evidence for melt–melt–fluid immiscibility. Mineralogical Magazine, 76 (1), pp. 91-113.
  • Migdisov, A.A., Williams-Jones, A.E., van Hinsberg and Salvi, S. (2011) An experimental study of the solubility of baddeleyite (ZrO2) in fluoride-bearing solutions at elevated temperature. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. 75, 7426-7434.
  • Velásquez G., Béziat D., Salvi S., Tosiani T., Debat P. (2011) First occurrence of Paleoproterozoic oceanic plateau in the Guiana Shield: the gold-bearing El Callao Formation, Venezuela. Precambrian Research, v. 186, p. 181-192.
  • Andrianjakavah, P., Salvi, S., D. Beziat, M. Rakotondrazafy and G. Giuliani (2009) Two styles of emerald mineralization in the Ianapera deposit, Madagascar. Mineralium Deposita, v.44, p. 817-835.
  • Rakotovao S., Rakotondrazafy R., Béziat D., Salvi S, Rasolomanana E. (2009) Pétrologie du complexe alcalin Cénozoïque d'Ambohimirahavavy, presqu'ile d'Ampasindava, Nord-Ouest de Madagascar. MadaGéo, Journal des Sciences de la Terre, ISSN 2074-4587, v. 13, p. 2 - 19.
  • Borisova A.Y., Freydier R., Polvé M., Salvi S., Aigouy T. (2008) In-situ multi-elemental analysis of silicate melt inclusions by NIR femtosecond laser ablation – inductively coupled plasma – mass spectrometry.Geostandards and Geoanalytical Researchv. 32, p. 209-229.
  • Van Lichtervelde M., Gregoir M., Linnen R., Béziat D., Salvi, S., (2008) Trace element geochemistry by laser ablation ICP-MS of micas associated with Ta mineralization in the Tanco pegmatite, Manitoba, Canada.Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 155, p. 791-806.
  • Béziat D., Dubois M., Debat P., Nikiema S., Salvi S., Tollon F. (2008) Gold metallogeny in the Birimian craton of Burkina Faso (West Africa)Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 50, p. 215–233.
  • Van Lichtervelde, M.,Salvi, S., Béziat, D., Linnen, R. (2007). Textural features and chemical evolution in tantalum oxides: Magmatic versus hydrothermal origins for Ta mineralization in the Tanco Lower Pegmatite, Manitoba, Canada.Economic Geology, v 102, p. 257-276.
  • Andrianjakavah, P.,Salvi, S., Beziat, D., Guillaume D., Rakotondrazafy, M., Moine, B. (2007). The Banded-Iron-Formation hosted gold deposits at Maevatanana (Madagascar): a fluid inclusion investigation.Mineralium Deposita. v. 42 p. 385-398.
  • Salvi, S. & Williams-Jones A.E. (2006) Alteration, HFSE mineralisation and hydrocarbon formation in peralkaline igneous systems: Insights from the Strange Lake Pluton, Canada.Lithos,v. 91, p. 19-34 (invited paper).
  • Van Lichtervelde, M.,Linnen, R., Salvi, S., Beziat, D. (2006).  Evaluating the role of metagabbro rafts on tantalum mineralisation in the Tanco pegmatite, Manitoba.Canadian Mineralogist,44, 625-644.
  • Martin, F.,Ferrage, E.,Petit, S., de Parseval, P., Delmotte, P., Ferret, J., Arseguel, D., Salvi, S. (2006) Fine-probing the crystal-chemistry of talc by MAS NMR spectroscopy.European Journal of Mineralogy, v. 18 p 641-651.
  • Tagirov, B. Salvi, S. & Schott, J. (2005): Experimental study of gold-hydrosulphide complexing in aqueous solution at 350-500°C, 500 and 1000 bars using mineral buffers. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta., vol. 69, p. 2119-2132.
  • Debat, P, Nikiéma, S., Mercier, A., Lompo, M., Beziat, D., Bourges, F., Roddaz, M., Salvi, S., Tollon, F. Wenmenga, U. (2003):Significance of staurolite-kyanite assemblages in paleoproterozoic formations of the Man Shield (Aribinda and Tampelga countries, Burkina Faso, West Africa).Precambrian Research Vol. 123, 47-65.
  • Ferrage, E.,Martin, F., Petit, S., Pejo-soucaille, S., Micoud, P.,  Fourty, G., Ferret, J., Salvi, S., de Parseval, P.  Fortune, J.P. (2003): Evaluation of talc morphology using: FTIR and H/D substitution.Clay MineralsVol. 38, 141-150.
  • Tagirov, B, Schott, J., Harrichourry, J.-C., & Salvi, S. (2002):Experimental study of aluminum speciation in chloride and fluoride-rich supercritical fluids.Geochimica et Cosmochimica ActaVol. 66, p. 2013-2024.
  • Ferrage, E.,F. Martin, A. Boudet, S. Petit, G. Fourty, F. Jouffret, P. Micoud, P. De Parseval, S. Salvi, C. Bourgerette, J. Ferret, Y. Saint-Gerard, S. Buratto, J. P. Fortune (2002): Talc as nucleating agent of polypropylene: morphology induced by lamellar particles addition and interface mineral-matrix modelization.Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 37(8), p. 1561-1573.
  • Salvi, S., Tagirov, B. & Moine, B. (2001): Hydrothermal mineralization of Zr and other "immobile elements": field evidence and experimental constraints. In:Water-Rock Interaction. R. Cidu (ed). Balkema. Vol. 1, p. 745-748.
  • Salvi, S. (2000): Mineral and fluid equilibria in Mo skarn at the Zenith Deposit, Southwestern Grenville structural province, Renfrew Area, Ontario.Canadian Mineralogist,vol. 38, 937-950
  • Salvi, S., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Williams-Jones, A.E., Moine, B. (2000): Hydrothermal mobilization of HFSE in alkaline igneous systems: Evidence from the Tamazeght Complex (Morocco).Economic Geology,vol. 95, p. 559-576
  • Martin , F., Micoud, P., Delmotte, L., Marichal, C., Le Dred, R., de Parseval, P., Mari, A., Fortuné, J. P., Salvi, S., Béziat, D., Grauby, O., Ferret, J. (1999): The structural formula of talc from the Trimouns Deposit, Pyrenées, France.Canadian Mineralogistvol. 37, p. 997-1006
  • Duvallet, L.,Martin, F., Soubiès, F., Salvi, S., Melfi, A.J. & Fortuné, J.-P. (1999): The mobility of zirconium and identification of secondary Zr-bearing phase in bauxite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil: a mass balance and X-ray absorption spectroscopic study.Canadian Mineralogist, vol. 37, p. 635-651
  • Salvi, S., Pokrovski, G. & Schott, J. (1998): Experimental investigation of aluminum-silica complexing at 300°C.:Chemical Geology,vol. 151, p. 51-67
  • Pokrovski, G., Schott, J., Salvi, S., Gout, R. Kubicki, J.D. (1998): Structure and stability of aluminum-silica complexes in neutral to basic solutions. Experimental study and molecular orbital calculations.Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 62, p. 1194-1197
  • Salvi, S. & Williams-Jones, A.E. (1997): Fluid-inclusion volatile analysis by gas chromatography: Application of a wide-bore porous-polymer capillary column to the separation of organic and inorganic compounds.Canadian Mineralogist,vol. 35, p. 1391-1414
  • Salvi, S. & Williams-Jones, A.E. (1997):  Fischer-Tropsch synthesis of hydrocarbons during sub-solidus alteration of the Strange Lake peralkaline granite, Quebec/Labrador, Canada.Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,vol. 61, p. 83-99
  • Salvi, S. & Williams-Jones, A.E. (1996):  The role of hydrothermal processes in concentrating HFSE in the Strange Lake peralkaline complex, northeastern Canada.Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,vol. 60, p. 1917-1932
  • Salvi, S. & Williams-Jones, A.E. (1995):  Zirconosilicate phase relations in the Strange Lake (Lac Brisson) pluton, Québec-Labrador, Canada.American Mineralogist, vol. 80, p. 1031-1040
  • Salvi, S. & Williams-Jones, A.E. (1995): Hydrothermal HFSE mineralization at Strange Lake, Canada.In:Mineral Deposits: from their Origin to their Environmental Impacts.Pasava, Kríbec & Zák (eds.). Balkema, Rotterdam, p. 515-518.
  • Salvi, S. & Williams-Jones, A.E. (1993):  Zirconosilicate phase relations in the Strange Lake pluton, Québec-Labrador, Canada.In:Current Research in Geology Applied to Ore Deposits. Fenoll Hach-Alí, Torres-Ruiz & Gervilla (eds.). ISBN 84-338-1772-8, p. 661-664.
  • Salvi, S. & Williams-Jones, A.E. (1992):  Reduced orthomagmatic C-O-H-N-NaCl fluids in the Strange Lake rare-metal granitic complex, Québec/Labrador, Canada.European Journal of Mineralogy, vol. 4, p. 1155-1174
  • Salvi, S.  & Williams-Jones, A.E. (1991):  The role of hydrothermal processes in the granite‑hosted Zr, Y, REE deposit at Strange Lake, Québec/Labrador: Evidence from fluid inclusions: Reply.Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 55, p. 3447-3449
  • Salvi, S. & Williams-Jones, A.E. (1990):  The role of hydrothermal processes in the granite‑hosted Zr, Y, REE deposit at Strange Lake, Québec/Labrador: Evidence from fluid inclusions. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 54, p. 2403-2418

Book Chapters 

  • Baratoux, L, Jessell, M., Naba, S., Kagambega, N., Salvi, S., Passchier, C. (2009) Field Guide to the Houndé-Gaoua Area, Burkina Faso. AMIRA P934 Houndé-Gaoua, Burkina Faso Field Guide. 111 p.
  • Salvi, S. & Williams-Jones, A.E. (2005) Alkaline granite-syenite hosted deposits: in Linnen, R.L., and Samson, I.M., eds., Rare-Element Geochemistry and Mineral Deposits. Geological Association of Canada, Short Course v. 17, p. 315-341
  • Salvi, S. & Williams-Jones, A.E. (2003) Bulk analysis of volatiles in fluid inclusions: in I. Samson, A. Anderson, & D. Marshall, eds., Fluid Inclusions: Analysis and Interpretation. Mineralogical Association of Canada, Short Course v. 32, 247-278
  • Diversity of styles and origin of gold mineralization. Case studies from Africa, South America, Canada.
  • Mineralization of critical metals in alkaline igneous systems, and transport of these rare elements in hydrothermal fluids.
  • LA-ICP-MS analysis of fluid inclusions: comparison of different systems and development of small-dead volume cell.

Professional Master Program: Hydrothermal Ore Deposits and Techniques in Ore Deposit Studies.

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